The demand for IT-related labor has exploded as companies rapidly deploy new technologies and products in the new age of exponential technology growth. The recent Amazon HQ2 site selection search is clear evidence of how intense and dramatic the process has become. As both tech and non-tech companies battle for IT labor such as software development and engineering talent, the site selection process has become more complex and the demand for economic incentives has increased. To help evaluate the impact on your site selection decisions, we have identified some of the recent IT project announcements and labor market trends.

Over 500,000 tech jobs needed over next decade

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is projecting that employment of computer and information technology occupations will grow 13% from 2016 to 2026, which is faster than the average for all occupations. As a result, there will be demand for about 557,100 new tech jobs. The highest demand for these workers will be from cloud computing, the collection and storage of big data, and information security.

Colleges are only graduating about 42,000 computer science students per year

According to Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), there were 41,207 U.S. college students who graduated with a computer science degree in 2017. If the demand is 50,000 new jobs per year based on the BLS projections, then there will be a deficit of over 8,000 jobs per year — creating challenges for employers unless we are importing the labor from other countries via H-1B visas. Metro areas such as Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Boston and Northern California had the highest number of graduates. The following table identifies the top 10 states for computer science degree completions in 2017.

Top 10 States for Computer Science Degrees

Rank State All Computer Science Degrees 2017
1 California 8,922
2 Illinois 3,792
3 New York 3,177
4 Massachusetts 2,630
5 Missouri 2,459
6 North Carolina 1,915
7 Texas 1,410
8 Pennsylvania 1,195
9 Indiana 1,125
10 Minnesota 1,072

Economic incentives play critical role in site selection decisions

Economic incentives are also playing an increasingly important role in site selection decisions for these tech projects as evidenced by the Amazon HQ2 search. These projects have garnered some of the biggest economic incentive packages which include cash grants, tax credits, tax abatements, training grants and a variety of statutory and discretionary state and local economic incentives. Here are a few examples of economic incentives awarded for technology projects:

  • DXC Technologies was awarded $115 million for 2,000 tech jobs in Lousiana.
  • Infosys was awarded $31 million for 2,000 tech jobs in Indianapolis.
  • Amazon received over $100 million in economic incentives for 5,000 tech jobs in Nashville, Tenn.
  • Cognizant received over $2 million in economic incentives for 1,000 tech jobs in Irving, Texas.
  • Adobe received over $25 million in economic incentives for 1,260 tech jobs in Lehi, Utah.

Where are these tech companies expanding?

With the official announcement of Amazon’s HQ2 and HQ3, site selectors and companies are relieved as now they now know exactly where Amazon is expanding. However, there is plenty of other project activity out there that you should know about. To help you stay informed, Site Selection Group has identified where some of the recent tech projects have landed in the below table.

Tech Project Activity

Company Project Type New jobs Retained Jobs Metro Area
Adobe Systems Expansion 1,260 - Provo-Orem, UT
Affirm Expansion 566 - San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA
Amazon New Site 5,000 - Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN
Amazon New Site 2,000 - Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
Amazon New Site 2,000 - New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Amazon HQ2 New Site 25,000 - New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Amazon HQ3 New Site 25,000 - Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Appian Corp. New Site 600 600 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Argo AI (Ford Motors) Expansion 158 - San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Baker & McKenzie New Site 300 - Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL
Barracuda Networks Expansion 115 - Ann Arbor, MI
Booz Allen Hamilton Expansion 208 - Fayetteville, NC
BorgWarner New Site 300 - Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN
Cheetah Digital Expansion 100 - Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN
Cognizant New Site 1,090 - Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Cognizant New Site 587 - Salt Lake City, UT
Cognizant Expansion 350 - New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Concur Technologies Expansion 229 - Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI
Confluent Expansion 616 - San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA
Dealertrack New Site 357 500 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Deloitte New Site 2,500 - Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ
DXC Technology New Site 2,000 - New Orleans-Metairie, LA
Earnest New Site 500 - Salt Lake City, UT
eHealth Technologies Expansion 160 215 Rochester, NY
Ernst & Young New Site 600 - San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX
FacilitySource Expansion 272 323 Columbus, OH
Gartner New Site 800 - Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Google New Site 8,500 - New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Hulu Expansion 410 - California
Hyland Software Expansion 500 1,507 Cleveland-Elyria, OH
Infor Expansion 195 - New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Infosys New Site 2,000 - Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN
Infosys New Site 2,000 - Raleigh-Durham, NC
Infosys New Site 1,000 - Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT
Infosys New Site 500 - Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
LendingClub New Site 860 - Provo-Orem, UT
MicroStrategy Expansion 300 800 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
NTT DATA Services New Site 6,377 - Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Paycom Software New Site 1,000 - Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
Pluralsight New Site 2,400 - Salt Lake City, UT
Salesforce Expansion 410 - New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
SAP Expansion 392 - Pennsylvannia
SkySlope Expansion 230 - Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade, CA
Superion Expansion 355 - Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
SurveyMonkey Expansion 430 - San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA
Tech Mahindra New Site 38 100 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA
Wipro Expansion 304 - San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA
Xactly Corp. New Site 479 - Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO
Yelp New Site 500 - Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
Zendesk New Site 136 243 Madison, WI

Conclusions

The demand for tech talent is not going away. Companies are fiercly competing for tech talent so it has become more important than ever to utilize site selection strategies to carefully pick your next location for expansion. Hopefully the labor trend data and project activity information provided will help you to think more strategically as you consider where to find tech talent.

Let us know what you think!